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What We’re FollowingFinal examination: Anyone who loves cities and dreams of making them better can be an urbanist. But to be remembered for your contributions to the urban realm is a rarer proposition. Some people become shorthand for big ideas, like Le Corbusier or Jane Jacobs. Others don’t quite receive the recognition they deserve. The breadth of urbanism has also evolved over time, at once a field of academic study and an arena for artistic expression and social change.In the latest installment of CityLab University, we present 15 biographies of people who designed and thought about cities—from Baron Haussmann to W.E.B. DuBois, Catherine Bauer Wurster to William H. Whyte—to fill out the historical perspective of urbanism. Taken together, these people build a larger story of how modern cities came to be. Today on CityLab: The Who’s Who of Urbanism—Andrew SmallMore on CityLabTokyo Wants People to Stand on Both Sides of the Escalator When one side isn't reserved for walkers, it saves time for everyone. But transit users around the world just can’t be convinced.Linda PoonHow Machine Learning and AI Can Predict Gentrification New research from the Urban Studies journal uses London as a test site to show how machine learning can predict which neighborhoods will gentrify next.Richard FloridaPutting a Price on NIMBYism A new Housing Policy Debate paper explores a deeply controversial idea: a cap-and-trade system for building affordable housing. Some New Jersey lawmakers want to give it a try.Kriston CappsHow a Dallas Parking Lot Inspired a Play by William Jackson Harper The Good Place star wrote Travisville after learning about a civil rights battle that displaced a black community near the Texas State Fair.Amal AhmedThe Criminal-Justice Bill Had Broad Bipartisan Support and Still Almost Died The “permanent campaign” made some Republicans fear being cast as soft on crime.Andrew KragieDollar MenuWith about 30,000 stores across the country, dollar stores like Dollar General and Dollar Tree now outnumber Walmarts and McDonald’s, combined. The map above shows the spread of dollar stores since the recession, using data from a new research brief by the Institute of Local Self Reliance. Although these “small-box” retailers carry only a limited stock of prepared foods, the stores also now feed more people than Whole Foods—and it presents a catch-22 for neighborhoods that have “food deserts.”Dollar stores have succeeded by capitalizing on economic and social forces that have opened up a gaping hole in food access, offering hard-to-beat low prices in overlooked neighborhoods. But they offer little in terms of fresh produce and nutritious items. Given that the absence of traditional grocers is deeply entwined with the history of spatial and structural inequality in America, dollar store savings might be making these communities, in some ways, a little poorer. CityLab’s Tanvi Misra takes a look at what it means when the closest grocery store is a dollar store.What We’re ReadingUber is resuming self-driving car tests on U.S. roads (Quartz)How Instagram has been good for independent bookstores (Vox)A humble weed grew in a cracked city sidewalk. Now it’s the Christmas Weed. (Washington Post)Why billboards and outdoor ads are booming in the smartphone era (Curbed)Winters are warming faster than summers. These U.S. cities could lose freezing days by 2050 (Vox)Tell your friends about the CityLab Daily! Forward this newsletter to someone who loves cities and encourage them to subscribe. Send your own comments, feedback, and tips to firstname.lastname@example.org.